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Bibliography

PLEASE SEND ADDITIONS TO Tarah Brookfield - tbrookfield@wlu.ca

(compiled in January 2007 by Danielle Metcalfe-Chenail, MA Student, History, UBC)

Books and Articles

Adamoski, Robert. “’Charity is One Thing and the Administration of Justice is Another’: Law and the Politics of Familial Regulation in Early Twentieth-Century British Columbia.” In Regulating Lives: Historical Essays on the State, Society, The Individual, and the Law, ed. John McLaren, Robert Menzies, and Dorothy E. Chunn. Vancouver: UBC Press, 2002.

_____. “The Child - The Citizen – The Nation: The Rhetoric and Experience of Wardship in Early Twentieth-Century British Columbia.” In Contesting Canadian Citizenship: Historical Readings, ed. Robert Adamoski, Dorothy E. Chunn, and Robert Menzies. Peterborough, Ont.: Broadview Press, 2002.

Adams, Mary Louise. “Almost anything can happen: A search for sexual discourse in the urban spaces of 1940s Toronto.” Canadian Journal of Sociology/Cahiers canadiens de sociologie vol. 19, no. 2 (Spring 1994): 217-232.

_____. “Constructing Normal Citizens: Sex Advice for Postwar Teens.” In Contesting Canadian Citizenship: Historical Readings, ed. Robert Adamoski, Dorothy E. Chunn, and Robert Menzies. Peterborough, Ont.: Broadview Press, 2002.

_____. The Trouble with Normal: Postwar Youth and the Making of Heterosexuality. Toronto: University of Toronto Press, 1997.

_____. “Sex at the Board, or Keeping Children from Sexual Knowledge.” In Histories of Canadian Children and Youth, ed. Nancy Janovicek, and Joy Parr. Don Mills, Ont.: Oxford University Press, 2003.

Ambrose, Linda M. “Collecting Youth Opinion: The Research of the Canadian Youth Commission, 1943-1945.” In Dimensions of Childhood: Essays on the History of Children and Youth in Canada, ed. Russell Smandych, Gordon Dodds, and Alvin Esau. Winnipeg: Legal Research Institute, University of Manitoba, 1991.

Anisef, Paul, Paul Axelrod, Etta Baichman, Carl James and Anton Turrittin. Opportunity and Uncertainty: Life Course Experiences of the Class of 73. Toronto: University of Toronto Press, 2000, 327 pp.

Anuik, Jonathan. Forming Civilization at Red River: 19th-century Missionary Education of Métis and First Nations Children, in Prairie Forum vol. 31 no.1 (2006): 1-15.

Ashworth, Mary. Children of the Canadian Mosaic: a Brief History to 1950. Toronto: OISE Press, 1993.

Axelrod, Paul, “Beyond the Progressive Education Debate: A Profile of Toronto Schooling in the 1950s,” Historical Studies in Education, 17, no. 2 (Fall 2005): 227-41.

Axelrod, Paul, The Promise of Schooling: Education in Canada, 1800-1914. Toronto: University of Toronto Press, 1997, 1999, 2003, 155 pp.

Axelrod, Paul and Paul Anisef, "Baby Boomers in Transition: Life Course Experiences of the Class of 73. " In Victor W. Marshall, Walter Heinz, Helga Krueger and Anil Verma (eds)., Restructuring Work and the Life Course (Toronto: University of Toronto Press, 2001), 473-488, reprinted in Laurence Roulleau-Berger, ed., Youth and Work in the Post-Industrial City: Experiences for North America and Europe,. Leiden and Boston: Brill Academic Publishers, 2002.

Axelrod, Paul and Anisef, Paul, editors, Transitions: Schooling and Employment in Canada. Toronto: Thompson Educational Publishers, 1993, 206 pp.

Axelrod, Paul, Making a Middle Class: Student Life in English Canada in the Thirties, Montreal and Kingston: McGill-Queen's University Press, 1990.

Axelrod, Paul and Reid, John G., editors, Youth, University and Canadian Society: Essays in the Social History of Higher Education. Montreal and Kingston: McGill-Queen's University Press, 1989, 381 pp.

Bagnell, Kenneth. The Little Immigrants: The Orphans Who Came to Canada. Toronto: Macmillan of Canada, 1980.

Bailey, Martha J. “Servant Girls and Upper Canada’s Seduction Act: 1837-1946.” In Dimensions of Childhood: Essays on the History of Children and Youth in Canada, ed. Russell Smandych, Gordon Dodds, and Alvin Esau. Winnipeg: Legal Research Institute, University of Manitoba, 1991.

Barman, Jean. “Accounting for Class and Gender in Retrieving the History of Canadian Childhood.” Canadian History of Education Association Bulletin vol. 5, no. 2 (1988): 1-27.

Barman, Jean. “Encounters with Sexuality: The Management of Inappropriate Body Behaviour in Late-Nineteenth-Century B.C. Schools.” Historical Studies in Education vol. 16, no. 1 (Spring 2004): 85-114.

_____. “Families vs. Schools: Children of Aboriginal Descent in British Columbia Classrooms of the Late Nineteenth Century.” In Family Matters: Papers in Post-Confederation Canadian Family History, ed. Edward Montigny and Lori Chambers. Toronto: Canadian Scholars’ Press, 1998.

_____. Growing Up British in British Columbia: Boys in Private School. Vancouver: University of British Columbia Press, 1984.

_____. "Lost Opportunity: All Hallows School for Indian and White Girls, 1884-1920." British Columbia Historical News vol. 22, no. 2 (Spring 1989): 6-9.

_____. “‘Oh, No! It Would Not Be Proper to Discuss That with You’: Reflections on Gender and the Experience of Childhood.” Curriculum Inquiry vol. 24, no. 1 (Spring 1994): 53-67.

_____. “Schooled for Inequality: The Education of British Columbia Aboriginal Children.” In Children, Teachers and Schools in the History of British Columbia, ed. Jean Barman, Neil Sutherland and J. Donald Wilson. Calgary: Detselig Enterprises, 1995. [Reprinted in Histories of Canadian Children and Youth, ed. Nancy Janovicek, and Joy Parr. Don Mills, Ont.: Oxford University Press, 2003.]

_____. “Separate and Unequal: Indian and White Girls at All Hallows School, 1884-1920.” In Indian Education in Canada, Vol. 1: The Legacy, ed. Jean Barman, Yvonne Hébert, and Don McCaskill. Vancouver: University of British Columbia Press, 1986. (Reprinted in Rethinkinking Canada: The Promise of Women’s History, ed. Veronica Strong-Boag and Anita Clair Fellman. Toronto: Copp Clark Pitman Ltd., 1991).

_____. “Taming Aboriginal Sexuality: Gender, Power, and Race in British Columbia, 1850-1900.” BC Studies 115/116 (Autumn/Winter 1997/98): 237-66.

_____. “Working Kids.” In Working Lives: Vancouver 1886-1986, ed. The Working Lives Collective. Vancouver: New Star Books, 1985.

_____, Yvonne Hébert, and Don McCaskill, eds. Indian Education in Canada. Vol. 1 : The Legacy. Vancouver, University of British Columbia Press, 1986.

_____ and Mona Gleason, eds. Children, Teachers and Schools in the History of British Columbia, 2nd ed. Calgary: Detselig Enterprises, 2003.

_____, Neil Sutherland and J. Donald Wilson, eds. Children, Teachers and Schools in the History of British Columbia. Calgary: Detselig Enterprises, 1995.

Behrisch, Tanya, et al. “‘I don’t really like the mill; in fact, I hate the mill’: Changing Youth Vocationalism under Fordism and Post-Fordism in Powell River, British Columbia.” BC Studies 136 (2002-3): 73-101.

Bennett, Paul. “Taming ‘Bad Boys’ of the ‘Dangerous Classes’: Child Rescue and Restraint at the Victoria Industrial School, 1887-1935.” Histoire sociale/Social History 21 (May 1988): 71-96.

_____. “Turning ‘Bad Boys’ into ‘Good Citizens’: The Reforming Impulse in Toronto’s Industrial Schools Movement, 1883 to the 1920s.” Ontario History 78 (1986): 209-32.

Bienvenue, Louise. Quand la jeunesse entre en scène. L’Action catholique avant la Révolution tranquille. Montréal, Boréal, 2003.

Boyd, Susan B. Child Custody, Law, and Women’s Work. Don Mills, Ont.: Oxford University Press Canada, 2002.

Bradbury, Bettina. “The Fragmented Family: Family Strategies in the Face of Death, Illness and Poverty, Montreal, 1860-1885.” In Childhood and Family in Canadian History, ed. Joy Parr. Toronto: McClelland and Stewart, 1982.

_____. “The Family Economy and Work in an Industrializing City: Montreal in the 1870s.” Canadian Historical Association Historical Papers (1979).

_____. “Gender at Work at Home: Family Decisions, the Labour Market, and Girls’ Contributions to the Family Economy.” In Canadian and Australian Labour History, ed. Gregory S. Kealey and Greg Patmore. Sydney: Australian Society for the Study of Labour History and the Committee on Canadian Labour History, 1990. [Reprinted in Readings in Canadian History: Post-Confederation, Sixth edition, ed. R. Douglas Francis and Donald B. Smith. Toronto: Nelson Thomson Learning, 2002.]

_____. “Pigs, Cows, and Boarders: Non-Wage Forms of Survival Among Montreal Families, 1861-1891.” In The Challenge of Modernity: A Reader on Post-Confederation Canada, ed. Ian McKay. Toronto: McGraw-Hill Ryerson Ltd., 1992.

_____. Working Families: Age, Gender, and Daily Survival in Industrializing Montreal. Toronto: Oxford University Press, 1993.

Brookes, Alan A. “Family, Youth, and Leaving Home in Late-Nineteenth-Century Rural Nova Scotia: Canning and the Exodus, 1868-1893.” In Childhood and Family in Canadian History, ed. Joy Parr. Toronto: McClelland and Stewart, 1982

Brown, Jennifer S. H. “Children of the Early Fur Trades.” In Childhood and Family in Canadian History, ed. Joy Parr. Toronto: McClelland and Stewart, 1982

_____. “The Short Life of St. Dunstan’s Calgary Indian Industrial School, 1896-1907.” Canadian Journal of Native Education vol. 14, no. 1 (1987).

Bull, Linda R. “Indian Residential Schooling: The Native Perspective.” Canadian Journal of Native Education 18 (1991): 1-65.

Bullen, John. “Hidden Workers: Child Labour and the Family Economy in Late Nineteenth-Century Urban Ontario.” Labour/Le Travail 18 (Fall 1986): 163-87. [Reprinted in Canadian Family History: Selected Readings, ed. Bettina Bradbury. Toronto: Irwin Publishing, 2000.]

_____. “J.J. Kelso and the “New” Childsavers: The Genesis of the Children’s Aid Movement in Ontario.” In Dimensions of Childhood: Essays on the History of Children and Youth in Canada, ed. Russell Smandych, Gordon Dodds, and Alvin Esau. Winnipeg: Legal Research Institute, University of Manitoba, 1991.

_____. “Orphans, Idiots, Lunatics, and Historians: Recent Approaches to the History of Child Welfare in Canada.” Histoire sociale/Social History 18 (May 1985): 133-45.

Bumsted, Jack and Wendy Owen. “The Victorian Family in Canada in Historical Perspective: The Ross Family of Red River and the Jarvis Family of Prince Edward Island.” Manitoba History 13 (1987): 12-18.

Burban, Christelle. “L’engagement décisif et inégal de l’État québécois en faveur de la protection de l’enfance : l’École d’industrie de Notre-Dame de Montfort (1883-1913).” Bulletin d’histoire politique vol. 6, no. 2 (hiver 1998): 40-47.

_____. “Les origines institutionelles de la protection de l’enfance au Québec : l’école d’industrie de Notre-Dame de Montfort (1883-1913).” M.A. Thesis, Université de Rennes II, 1997.

Cahill, Bette L. Butterbox Babies. Toronto: Seal Books, 1992.

Cannon, K.A. “Indian Control of Indian Education : The Evolution of Primary and Secondary Education for Native Students in Ontario, 1972-1993.” M.A. Thesis, Trent University, 1993.

Carney, Robert. “Going to School in Upper Canada.” In Canadian Education: Historical Themes and Contemporary Issues, ed. E. Brian Titley. Calgary: Detselig, 1990.

Cariboo Tribal Council. Impact of the Residential School. Williams Lake, BC: Cariboo Tribal Council, 1991.

Carrigan, D. Owen. Crime and Punishment in Canada: A History. Toronto: McClelland & Stewart, 1991.

_____. Juvenile Delinquency in Canada: A History. Toronto: Irwin, 1998.

Chapman, Terry. “’Inquiring Minds Want to Know’: The Handling of Children in Sex Assault Cases in the Canadian West, 1890-1920.” In Dimensions of Childhood: Essays on the History of Children and Youth in Canada, ed. Russell Smandych, Gordon Dodds, and Alvin Esau. Winnipeg: Legal Research Institute, University of Manitoba, 1991.

Chen, Xiaobei. “‘Cultivating Children as you would Valuable Plants’: The Gardening Governmentality of Child Saving, Toronto, Canada, 1880s-1920s.” Journal of Historical Sociology vol. 16, no. 4 (2003): 460-86.

Chrisjohn, R.D., S.L. Young, and M. Maraun. The Circle Game: Shadows and Substances in the Indian Residential School Experience in Canada. Ottawa: Royal Commission on Aboriginal Peoples, 1994.

Christie, Nancy and Michael Gauvreau.. Montreal Mapping the Margins: The Family and Social Discipline in Canada, 1700-1975: McGill-Queen’s University Press, 2004.

Chunn, Dorothy. “Boys will be Men, Girls will be Mothers: The Legal Regulation of Childhood in Toronto and Vancouver.” In Histories of Canadian Children and Youth, ed. Nancy Janovicek, and Joy Parr. Don Mills, Ont.: Oxford University Press, 2003.

______. “Secrets and Lies: The Criminalization of Incest and the (Re)Formation of the ‘Private’ in British Columbia, 1890-1940.” In Regulating Lives: Historical Essays on the State, Society, The Individual, and the Law, ed. John McLaren, Robert Menzies, and Dorothy E. Chunn. Vancouver: UBC Press, 2002.

______. From Punishment to Doing Good: Family Courts and Socialized Justice in Ontario, 1880-1940. Toronto: University of Toronto Press, 1992.

Chureau, Damien. “La Maison d’industrie de Montréal (1836-1870) : l’intervention des pouvoirs publics dans l’assistance et les clivages culturels.” Bulletin d’Histoire Politique vol. 6, no. 2. (Hiver 1998): 11-18.

Clarke, Nic. “Sacred Daemons: Exploring British Columbian Society’s Perceptions of ‘Mentally Deficient’ Children, 1870-1930.” BC Studies 144 (Winter 2004/05): 61-90.

Coates, Kenneth. “‘Betwixt and Between: The Anglican Church and the Children of the Carcross (Chooutla) Residential School, 1911-1954.” BC Studies 64 (winter 1984-5): 27-47.

Comacchio, Cynthia. “Dancing to Perdition: Adolescence and Leisure in Inter-war English Canada.” Journal of Canadian Studies vol. 32, no. 3 (Fall 1997): 5-35.

_____. “Nations are Built of Babies’: Saving Ontario Mothers and Children, 1900-1940. Montreal/Kingston: McGill-Queen’s University Press, 1990.

_____. “‘The Rising Generation’: Laying Claim to the Health of Adolescents in English Canada, 1920-1970.” Canadian Bulletin of Medical History vol. 19, no. 1 (2002): 139-78.

Connor, Patrick J. “’The Law Should Be Her Protector’: The Criminal Prosecution of Rape in Upper Canada, 1791-1850” in Rethinking Canada: The Promise of Women’s History, eds. Mona Gleason and Adele Perry. Fifth edition. Don Mills: Oxford University Press, 2006.

Copp, Terry. The Anatomy of Poverty: The Condition of the Working Class in Montreal, 1897-1929. Toronto: McClelland and Stewart Ltd., 1974.

Coulter, Rebecca. “‘Not to Punish But to Reform’: Juvenile Delinquency and Children’s Protection Act in Alberta, 1909-1929.” In Studies in Childhood History: A Canadian Perspective, ed. Rooke, Patricia T., and R.L. Schnell. Calgary: Detselig Enterprises, 1982.

_____. “The Working Young of Edmonton, 1921-1931.” In Childhood and Family in Canadian History, ed. Joy Parr. Toronto: McClelland & Stewart, 1982.

Coulter, Rebecca Priegert, D.W. Livingstone, and Harry Smaller. Stacking the Deck: The Streaming of Working-Class Kids in Ontario Schools. Toronto: Our Schools/OurSelves, 1992.

Curtis, Bruce. Building the Education State: Canada West 1836-1871. London, Ont.: Falmer Press and Althouse Press, 1988.

_____. “Preconditions of the Canadian State: Educational Reform and the Construction of a Public in Upper Canada, 1837-1846.” In The Benevolent State: The Growth of Welfare in Canada, ed. Allan Moscovitch and Jim Albert. Toronto: Garamond Press, 1987.

Danylewycz, Marta, Nadia Fahmy-Eid and Nicole Thivierge. “L’Enseignement ménager et les ‘Home Economics’ au Québec et en Ontario au début du 20e siècle : une analyse comparée.” In An Imperfect Past: Education and Society in Canadian History, ed. J. Donald Wilson. Vancouver: Centre for the Study of Curriculum and Instruction, University of British Columbia, 1984.

Dehli, Kari. “‘Health Scouts’ for the State? School and Public Health Nurses in Early Twentieth-Century Toronto.” Historical Studies in Education/Revue d’histoire de l’éducation vol. 2, no. 2 (Fall/automne 1990): 247-64.

_____. “‘They Rule by Sympathy’: Pedagogy and Politics in Late Nineteenth-Century Kindergarten.” Canadian Journal of Sociology vol. 19, no. 2 (1994): 195-216.

Desjardins, Gaston. L’amour en patience: La sexualité adolescente au Québec, 1940–1960. Montréal: Presses de l'Université du Québec, 1995.

Dickinson, Harley D. “Scientific Parenthood: The Mental Hygiene Movement and the Reform of Canadian Families, 1925-1950.” Journal of Comparative Family Studies 24 (Autumn 1993): 387-402.

Dubois, Pierre et Jean Trépanier. “L’adoption de la Loi sur les jeunes délinquents de 1908: étude comparée des quotidiens montréalais et tormentilles.” Revue d’histoire de l’Amérique française vol. 52, no. 3 (1999): 345-382.

Dupont-Bouchat, Marie-Sylvie et al. Enfance et justice au XIXe siècle. Essais d’histoire comparée de la protection de l’enfance 1820-1914 (France, Belgique, Pays-Bas, Canada). Paris: Presses universitaires de France, 2001.

Enns, Adolph. “The Public School Crisis and the Mennonites in Saskatchewan, 1916-25.” In Mennonite Images, ed. Harry Loewen. Winnipeg: Hyperion Press, 1980.

Fecteau, Jean-Marie. La Liberté du Pauvre : Crime et Pauvreté au XIXe Siècle Québécois. Montréal : VLB Éditeur, 2004.

_____. “Note sur les enjeux de la prise en charge de l’enfance délinquente et en danger au XIXe siècle.” Lien social et politique – RIAC 40 (automne 1998): 129-138.

Fecteau, Jean-Marie et al. “Une politique de l’enfance déliquente et en danger: la mise en place des écoles de réforme et d’industrie au Québec (1840-1873).” Crime, histoire et sociétés vol. 2, no. 1 (1998): 75-110.

Fiske, Jo-Anne. “Gender and the Paradox of Residential Education in Carrier Society.” In Women and Education, 2nd ed., edited by Jane S. Gaskell and Arlene Tigar McLaren. Calgary: Detselig Enterprises, 1991.

Furniss, Elizabeth M. Conspiracy of Silence: The Care of Native Students at St. Joseph’s Residential School, Williams Lake, B.C. Williams Lake, B.C.: Cariboo Tribal Council, 1991.

_____. Victims of Benevolence: Discipline and Death at the Williams Lake Indian Residential School, 1891-1920. Williams Lake, B.C.: Cariboo Tribal Council, 1992.

Gaffield, Chad. “Labouring and Learning in Nineteenth Century Canada: Children in the Changing Process of Family Reproduction.” In Dimensions of Childhood: Essays on the History of Children and Youth in Canada, ed. Russell Smandych, Gordon Dodds, and Alvin Esau. Winnipeg: Legal Research Institute, University of Manitoba, 1991.

_____. “Children, Schooling, and Family Reproduction in Nineteenth-Century Ontario.” Canadian Historical Review vol. 72, no. 2 (1991): 157-191.

_____. “Children’s Lives and Academic Achievement in Canada and the United States.” Comparative Education Review vol. 38, no. 1 (February 1994): 36-64.

_____. “Schooling, the Economy, and Rural Society in Nineteenth-Century Ontario.” In Childhood and Family in Canadian history, ed. Joy Parr. Toronto: McClelland & Stewart, 1982.

Gidney, R.D., and W.J. Millar. Inventing Secondary Education: The Rise of the High School in Nineteenth-Century Ontario. Montreal and Kingston: McGill-Queen’s University Press, 1990.

Gleason, Mona. “Between Education and Memory: Health and Childhood in English Canada, 1900-1950.” Scientia Canadensis vol. 29, no. 1 (2006): 49-72.

_____. “From ‘Disgraceful Carelessness’ to ‘Intelligent Precaution’: Accidents and the Public Child in English Canada, 1900-1950.” Journal of Family History vol. 30, no. 2 (2005): 230-41.

______. “Race, Class, and Health: School Medical Inspection and “Healthy” Children in British Columbia, 1890 to 1930,” Canadian Bulletin of Medical History 19 (2002): 95-112.

______.“Disciplining the Student Body: Schooling and the Construction of Canadian Children’s Bodies, 1930 to 1960,” History of Education Quarterly 41, 2 (Spring 2001): 189-215.

_____. “Embodied Negotiations: Children’s Bodies and Historical Change in Canada, 1930-1960.” Journal of Canadian Studies 34, 1 (1999): 112-38.

_____. Normalizing the Ideal: Psychology, Schooling, and the Family in Postwar Canada. Toronto: University of Toronto Press, 1999.

_____. “Growing Up to be ‘Normal’: Psychology Constructs Proper Gender Roles in Post-World War II Canada, 1945-1960.” In Family Matters: Papers in Post-Confederation Canadian Family History, ed. Edward Montigny and Lori Chambers. Toronto: Canadian Scholars’ Press, 1998.

Golz, Annalee. “Family Matters – The Canadian Family and the State in Postwar Canada.” Left History vol. 1, no. 2 (Fall 1993): 9-49.

Gossage, Peter. “Abandoned Children in Nineteenth-Century Montreal.” M.A. thesis, McGill University, 1983.

Graff, Harvey J. “Remaking Growing Up: Nineteenth-Century America.” Histoire sociale/Social History vol. 24, no. 47 (May 1991): 35-59.

_____. “Towards 2000: Poverty and Progress in the History of Education.” Historical Studies in Education/Revue d’histoire de l’éducation vol. 3, no. 2 (1991) : 191-210.

Haig-Brown, Celia. Resistance and Renewal: Surviving the Indian Residential School. Vancouver: Tilicum Library, 1988.

Harrigan, Patrick J. “The Schooling of Boys and Girls in Canada.” Journal of Social History vol. 23, no. 4 (Summer 1990): 803-16.

Harvey, Fernand. “Children of the Industrial Revolution in Quebec.” In The Professions: Their Growth or Decline?, ed. J. Dufresne et al. Montreal, Société de publication critère Inc, Collège Ahuntsic, 1979.

Harvey, Janice. “The Protestant Orphan Asylum and the Montreal Ladies’ Benevolent Society: A Case Study in Protestant Child Charity in Montreal, 1822-1900. Ph.D. diss., McGill University, 2001.

Hatch, Alison J. and Curt T. Griffiths. “Child Delinquents Act on the Processing of Young Offenders in Vancouver.” In Dimensions of Childhood: Essays on the History of Children and Youth in Canada, ed. Russell Smandych, Gordon Dodds, and Alvin Esau. Winnipeg: Legal Research Institute, 1991.

_____. “Child Saving Postponed: The Impact of the Juvenile Delinquents Act on the Processing of Young Offenders in Vancouver.” In Dimensions of Childhood: Essays on the History of Children and Youth in Canada, ed. Russell Smandych, Gordon Dodds, and Alvin Esau. Winnipeg: Legal Research Institute, University of Manitoba, 1991

Heron, Craig. “The Boys and Their Booze: Masculinities and Public Drinking in Working-Class Hamilton, 1890-1946.” The Canadian Historical Review vol. 86, no. 3 (September 2005): 411-452.

Hill, Margaret. “The Detention of Doukhobor Children.” Canadian Ethnic Studies 18 (1986).

Houston, Susan E. “The Role of the Criminal Law in Redefining ‘Youth’ in Mid-Nineteenth Century Upper Canada.” Historical Studies in Education and History of Education Review vol. 6, no. 3 [Special Issue] (1994): 39-55.

_____. “Victorian Origins of Juvenile Delinquency: A Canadian Experience.” History of Education Quarterly vol. 12, no. 3 (Autumn 1972): 254-80.

_____. “The Waifs and Strays of a Victorian City: Juvenile Delinquents in Toronto.” In Childhood and Family in Canadian History, ed. Joy Parr. Toronto: McClelland and Stewart, 1993.

Houston, Susan and Alison Prentice. Schooling and Scholars in Nineteenth-Century Ontario. Toronto: University of Toronto Press, 1988.

Hurl, Lorna F. “Restricting Child Factory Labour in Late-Nineteenth Century Ontario.” Labour/Le Travail 21 (1988): 87-121.

Hutten, Anne van Arragon. Uprooted: the Story of Dutch Immigrant Children in Canada, 1947-1959. Kentville, N.S.: North Mountain Press, 2001.

Iacovetta, Franca. “Gossip, Contest, and Power in the Making of Suburban Bad Girls: Toronto, 1945-60.” Canadian Historical Review vol. 80, no. 4 (Dec. 1999): 585-625.

_____. “Parents, Daughters, and Family Court Intrusions into Working-Class Life.” In On the Case: Explorations in Social History, ed. Franca Iacovetta and Wendy Mitchinson. Toronto: University of Toronto Press, 1998.

Ing, N. Rosalyn. “The Effects of Residential Schools on Native Child-Rearing Practices.” Canadian Journal of Native Education 18 (Supplement, 1991): 65-118.

Jaine, L., ed. Residential Schools: The Stolen Years. Saskatoon: University of Saskatchewan Extension Press, 1993.

Janovicek, Nancy and Joy Parr, eds. Histories of Canadian Children and Youth. Don Mills, Ont.: Oxford University Press, 2003.

Jenson, Jane. “Changing the Paradigm: Family Responsibility or Investing in Children.” The Canadian Journal of Sociology vol. 29, no. 2 (Spring 2004): 169-192.

Jones, Andrew. “Closing Penetanguishene Reformatory: An Attempt to Deinstitutionalize Treatment of Juvenile Offenders in Early Twentieth-Century Ontario.” Ontario History 70 (1978): 227-244.

Jones, Andrew and Leonard Rutman. In the Children’s Aid: J.J. Kelso and Child Welfare in Ontario. Toronto: University of Toronto Press, 1981.

Jones, David C. “‘We can’t live on air all the time’: Country Life and the Prairie Child.” In Studies in Childhood History: A Canadian Perspective, ed. Rooke, Patricia T., and R.L. Schnell. Calgary: Detselig Enterprises, 1982.

Joyal, Renée, ed. Entre surveillance et compassion: L'évolution de la protection de l'enfance au Québec. Sainte Foy: Presses de l'Université du Québec, 2000.

_____. “L’évolution des modes de contrôle de l’autorité parentale et son impact sur les relations entre parents et enfants dans la société québécoise.” In Entre tradition et universalisme, ed. Françoise-Romaine Ouellette and Claude Bariteau. Québec : Institut québécois de recherche sur la culture, 1994.

Kelm, Mary-Ellen. Colonizing Bodies: Aboriginal Health and Healing in British Columbia, 1900-50. Vancouver: University of British Columbia Press, 1998.

Keshen, Jeffrey. “Wartime Jitters over Juveniles: Canada’s Delinquency Scare and Its Consequences, 1939-45.” In Age of Contention: Readings in Canadian Social History, 1900-45, ed. Jeffrey Keshen. Toronto: Harcourt Brace, 1997.

Kitchen, Brigitte. “The Introduction of Family Allowances in Canada.” In The Benevolent State: The Growth of Welfare in Canada, ed. Allan Moscovitch and Jim Albert. Toronto: Garamond Press, 1987.

Knight, Claudette. “Black Parents Speak: Education in Mid-Nineteenth-Century Canada West.” Ontario History vol. 89, no. 4 (December 1997).

Knockwood, I. Out of the Depths: The Experiences of Ni’kmaw at the Indian Residential School at Shubenacadie, Nova Scotia. Lockeport, NS: Roseway Publishing, 1992.

Langford, Tom. “What Constitutes Child Neglect? The Tragic Story of the Boutique Children’s Hotel, 1971.” Alberta History vol. 51, no. 3 (Summer 2003): 16-26.

Lefebvre, Bernard. “Training for ‘True Womanhood’: Physical Education for Girls in Ontario Schools, 1890-1920.” Historical Studies in Education/Revue d’histoire de l’éducation 8, 1 (Spring/printemps 1996): 1-14.

Leschied, Alan W., Peter G. Jaffe, and Wayne Willis, eds. The Young Offenders Act: A Resolution in Canadian Juvenile Justice. Toronto: University of Toronto Press, 1991.

Lewis, Norah. “‘Isn’t This a Terrible War?’: The Attitudes of Children to Two World Wars.” Historical Studies in Education/Revue d’histoire de l’éducation vol. 7, no. 2 (Fall/automne 1995): 193-215.

_____. “Physical Perfection for Spiritual Welfare: Health Care for the Urban Child, 1900-1930.” In Studies in Childhood History: A Canadian Perspective, ed. Rooke, Patricia T., and R.L. Schnell. Calgary: Detselig Enterprises, 1982.

Low, Brian J. “‘The New Generation’: Mental Hygiene and the Portrayals of Children by the National Film Board of Canada, 1946-1967.” History of Education Quarterly vol. 43, no. 4 (Winter 2003): 540-70.

_____. NFB Kids: Portrayals of Children by the National Film Board of Canada 1939-89. Waterloo, Ont.: Wilfred Laurier University Press, 2002.

Maciejko, Bill. “Ukrainians and Prairie School Reform, 1896-1921: Ethnic and Domestic Ideologies in Modern State Formation.” Canadian Ethnic Studies 22 (1990): 19-40.

Macleod, Roderick and Mary Anne Poutanen. A Meeting of the People: School Boards and Protestant Communities in Quebec, 1801-1998. Montreal and Kingston: McGill-Queen’s University Press, 2004.

Malouin, Marie-Paule, dir. L’univers des enfants en difficulté au Québec entre 1940 et 1960. Montréal: Bellarmin, 1996.

Marker, Michael. “‘It Was Two Different Times of the Day, But in the Same Place’: Coast Salish High School Experience in the 1970s.” BC Studies 144 (Winter 2004/05): 91-113.

Marks, Lynne. “Kale Meydelach or Shulamith Girls: Cultural Change and Continuity Among Jewish Parents and Daughters – a Case Study of Toronto Harbord Collegiate Institute in the 1920s.” Canadian Woman Studies (Fall 1986): 85-89.

_____. Revivals and Roller Rinks: Religion, Leisure, and Identity in Late Nineteenth Century Small Town Ontario. Toronto: University of Toronto Press, 1996.

Marr, Lucille. “Church Teen Clubs, Feminized Organizations? Tuxis Boys, Trail Rangers, and Canadian Girls in Training, 1919-39.” Historical Studies in Education/Revue d’histoire de l’éducation vol. 3, no. 2 (1991): 249-67.

Marshall, Dominique. Aux origines sociales de l’État-providence. Montréal: Presses de l’Université de Montréal, 1998. [Also available in translation by Nicola Doone Danby as The Social Origins of the Welfare State: Québec Families, Compulsory Education, and Family Allowances, 1940-1955. Waterloo: Wilfred Laurier University Press, 2006.]

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